Garvie, L.A.J., Rez, P., Alvarez, J.R., Buseck, P.R., Craven, A.J., and Brydson, R. (2000) Bonding in alpha-quartz (SiO2): A view of the unoccupied states. American Mineralogist, 85 (5-6). 732 -738. ISSN 0003-004X
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High-resolution core-loss and low-loss spectra of alpha-quartz were acquired by electron energyloss spectroscopy (EELS) with a transmission electron microscope (TEM). Spectra contain the Si L-1, L-2,L-3, K, and O K core-loss edges, and the surface and bulk low-loss spectra. The core-loss edges represent the atom- projected partial densities of states of the excited atoms and provide information on the unoccupied s, p, and d states as a function of energy above the edge onset. The band structure and total density of states were calculated for alpha-quartz using a self-consistent pseudopotential method. Projected local densities of Si and O s, p, and d states (LDOS) were calculated and compared with the EELS core-loss edges. These LDOS successfully reproduce the dominant Si and O core-loss edge shapes up to ca. 15 eV above the conduction-band onset. In addition, the calculations provide evidence for considerable charge transfer From Si to O and suggest a marked ionicity of the Si-O bond. The experimental and calculated data indicate that O 2p-Si d pi-type bonding is minimal. The low-loss spectra exhibit four peaks that are assigned to transitions from maxima in the valence-band density of states to the conduction band. A band gap of 9.65 eV is measured from the low-loss spectrum. The structures of the surface low-loss spectrum are reproduced by the joint density of states derived from the band-structure calculation. This study provides a detailed description of the unoccupied DOS of alpha-quartz by comparing the core-loss edges and low-loss spectrum, on a relative energy scale and relating the spectral features to the atom- and angular-momentum- resolved components of a pseudopotential band-structure calculation.
|Glasgow Author(s):||Craven, Prof Alan|
|Authors:||Garvie, L.A.J., Rez, P., Alvarez, J.R., Buseck, P.R., Craven, A.J., and Brydson, R.|
|Subjects:||Q Science > QE Geology|
|College/School:||College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy|
|Journal Name:||American Mineralogist|