The performance of blended conventional and novel binders in the in-situ stabilisation/solidification of a contaminated site soil

Wang, F., Wang, H., Jin, F. and Al-Tabbaa, A. (2015) The performance of blended conventional and novel binders in the in-situ stabilisation/solidification of a contaminated site soil. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 285, pp. 46-52. (doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.11.002) (PMID:25479144)

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Abstract

This paper presents an investigation of the effects of novel binders and pH values on the effectiveness of the in-situ stabilisation/solidification technique in treating heavy metals and organic contaminated soils after 1.5-year treatment. To evaluate the performance of different binders, made ground soils of SMiRT site, upto 5 m depth, were stabilised/solidified with the triple auger system and cores were taken for laboratory testing after treatment. Twenty four different binders were used including Portland cement (PC), ground granulated blastfurnace slag (GGBS), pulverised fuel ash (PFA), MgO and zeolite. Unconfined compressive strength (UCS), leachate pH and the leachability of heavy metals and total organics were applied to study the behaviours of binders in treating site soils. Under various contaminant level and binder level, the results show that UCS values were 22–3476 kPa, the leachability of the total organics was in the range of 22–241 mg/l and the heavy metals was in the range of 0.002–0.225 mg/l. In addition, the combination of GGBS and MgO at a ratio of 9:1 shows better immobilisation efficiency in treating heavy metals and organic contaminated soils after 1.5-year treatment, and the binding mechanisms under different binders were also discussed in this paper.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jin, Dr Fei
Authors: Wang, F., Wang, H., Jin, F., and Al-Tabbaa, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Infrastructure and Environment
Journal Name:Journal of Hazardous Materials
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0304-3894
ISSN (Online):1873-3336
Published Online:06 November 2014

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