A population-based, cross-sectional study of the prevalence and correlates of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities

Melville, C.A. , McGarty, A. , Harris, L., Hughes-Mccormack, L., Baltzer, M. , McArthur, L., Morrison, J. , Allan, L. and Cooper, S.-A. (2018) A population-based, cross-sectional study of the prevalence and correlates of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 62(1), pp. 60-71. (doi:10.1111/jir.12454) (PMID:29214701)

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Abstract

Background: High levels of sedentary behaviour have a negative impact on health and well-being. There is limited evidence on the prevalence and correlates of sedentary behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Methods: A population-based sample of adults with ID were invited to take part in a comprehensive health check programme. Demographic and health data were collected during a structured interview and physical examination. Screen time was used as a proxy measure of sedentary behaviour. Bivariate and multivariate statistical modelling examined correlates of screen time. Results: Fifty per cent of the 725 participants reported four or more hours of screen time per day. Male gender, higher levels of intellectual ability, mobility problems, obesity, not having hearing impairment and not having epilepsy were all significantly associated with higher screen time in the final multivariate model (R2 = 0.16; Hosmer–Lemeshow goodness of fit statistic P = 0.36). Conclusions: This is the first study to publish population-based data on the prevalence and correlates of sedentary behaviour in adults with ID. Compared with adults who do not have ID, adults with ID have higher levels, and different correlates, of sedentary behaviour. A better understanding of the social context of sedentary behaviour will inform the design of effective behaviour change programmes for adults with ID.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hughes-Mccormack, Mrs Laura and Morrison, Professor Jill and Cooper, Professor Sally-Ann and Harris, Dr Leanne and McArthur, Miss Laura and Mcgarty, Dr Arlene and Melville, Professor Craig and Baltzer, Miss Marion
Authors: Melville, C.A., McGarty, A., Harris, L., Hughes-Mccormack, L., Baltzer, M., McArthur, L., Morrison, J., Allan, L., and Cooper, S.-A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0964-2633
ISSN (Online):1365-2788
Published Online:07 December 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley and Sons Ltd
First Published:First published in Journal of Intellectual Disability Research 62(1): 60-71
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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