Developmental regulation of GTP-CH1 in the porcine lung and its relationship to pulmonary vascular relaxation

Nandi, M., Leiper, J. , Arrigoni, F., Hislop, A., Vallance, P. and Haworth, S. (2006) Developmental regulation of GTP-CH1 in the porcine lung and its relationship to pulmonary vascular relaxation. Pediatric Research, 59(6), pp. 767-772. (doi: 10.1203/01.pdr.0000219301.19958.a0) (PMID:16641207)

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Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in lowering pulmonary vascular resistance after birth. However, in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) NO-mediated dilation is dysfunctional. GTP-cyclohydrolase 1 (GTP-CH1) is the rate-limiting enzyme for the biosynthesis of 6R-l-erythro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) an essential cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity. Suboptimal levels of BH4 may result in NOS uncoupling and the subsequent generation of harmful superoxide anions. We therefore investigated the functional effects of supplementing BH4 and/or a superoxide dismutase mimetic (MnTMPyP) in porcine intrapulmonary arteries from normal animals and from a porcine model of PPHN. We investigated whether any functional effects of BH4 could be explained by changes in GTP-CH1 expression. Supplementation of BH4 significantly improved endothelium-dependent relaxations in arteries from 3- and 14-d-old healthy animals, whereas no effect was seen in vessels from younger animals and adults. GTP-CH1 protein expression was lowest at 3 and 14 d, suggesting a rate limitation of BH4 at this time. BH4 supplementation alone did not improve the relaxant response to acetylcholine in arteries obtained in a porcine model of PPHN. Furthermore, GTP-CH1 protein expression was normal for age. However, co-treatment with both BH4 and MnTMPyP restored endothelial function. GTP-CH1 is developmentally regulated in the pulmonary vasculature of neonates and this results in a functionally significant limitation of BH4. Although GTP-CH-1/BH4 levels alone do not explain the profound endothelial dysfunction seen in PPHN, increasing NO bioavailability by supplementing BH4 and quenching superoxide may prove to be therapeutically beneficial.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Leiper, Professor James
Authors: Nandi, M., Leiper, J., Arrigoni, F., Hislop, A., Vallance, P., and Haworth, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Pediatric Research
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN (Online):1530-0447
Published Online:01 June 2006

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