Adenoviral-mediated overexpression of DDAH improves vascular tone regulation

Torondel, B., Nandi, M., Kelly, P., Wojciak-Stothard, B., Fleming, I. and Leiper, J. (2010) Adenoviral-mediated overexpression of DDAH improves vascular tone regulation. Vascular Medicine, 15(3), pp. 205-213. (doi:10.1177/1358863X09360264) (PMID:20219849)

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Abstract

Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) degrades asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenously produced nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor. In mammals, two isoforms of DDAH, DDAH1 and DDAH2, are expressed in the cardiovascular system, suggesting that ADMA concentrations are actively regulated in blood vessels, raising the possibility that cardiovascular metabolism of ADMA constitutes a novel mechanism for the regulation of NO production. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of DDAH-catalyzed asymmetric methylarginine metabolism in the regulation of vascular function. We developed adenoviral vectors for the expression of human DDAH1 and 2. Overexpression of DDAH1 or 2 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) increases DDAH activity, reduces ADMA concentrations and increases NO production. Similarly, overexpression of DDAH1 or 2 in DDAH1+/ — mice carotid vessels increases NO production and attenuates the response to phenylephrine (PE), enhances acetylcholine (ACh) relaxation and attenuates the effect of exogenously applied ADMA. Finally, overexpression of either DDAH1 or 2 completely reversed the vascular dysfunction seen in DDAH1+/— mice. These data indicate that basal concentrations of ADMA in blood vessels are sufficient to regulate NO production, that increases in the level of either DDAH1 or 2, improves vascular function and that overexpression of either DDAH1 or 2 is sufficient to compensate for life-long exposure to elevated ADMA. Thus, therapeutic manipulation of DDAH expression or activity may represent a novel approach to improve vascular dysfunction in various cardiovascular diseases.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Leiper, Professor James
Authors: Torondel, B., Nandi, M., Kelly, P., Wojciak-Stothard, B., Fleming, I., and Leiper, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Vascular Medicine
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:1358-863X
ISSN (Online):1477-0377
Published Online:10 March 2010

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