Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 is involved in spinal nociceptive plasticity

DʼMello, R., Sand, C. A., Pezet, S., Leiper, J. M. , Gaurilcikaite, E., McMahon, S. B., Dickenson, A. H. and Nandi, M. (2015) Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 1 is involved in spinal nociceptive plasticity. Pain, 156(10), pp. 2052-2060. (doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000269) (PMID:2609843) (PMCID:PMC4770343)

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Abstract

Activation of neuronal nitric oxide synthase, and consequent production of nitric oxide (NO), contributes to spinal hyperexcitability and enhanced pain sensation. All NOS isoforms are inhibited endogenously by asymmetric dimethylarginine, which itself is metabolised by dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH). Inhibition of DDAH can indirectly attenuate NO production by elevating asymmetric dimethylarginine concentrations. Here, we show that the DDAH-1 isoform is constitutively active in the nervous system, specifically in the spinal dorsal horn. DDAH-1 was found to be expressed in sensory neurons within both the dorsal root ganglia and spinal dorsal horn; L-291 (NG–[2-Methoxyethyl]-L-arginine methyl ester), a DDAH-1 inhibitor, reduced NO synthesis in cultured dorsal root ganglia neurons. Spinal application of L-291 decreased N-methyl-D-aspartate–dependent postdischarge and windup of dorsal horn sensory neurons—2 measures of spinal hyperexcitability. Finally, spinal application of L-291 reduced both neuronal and behavioral measures of formalin-induced central sensitization. Thus, DDAH-1 may be a potential therapeutic target in neuronal disorders, such as chronic pain, where elevated NO is a contributing factor.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Leiper, Professor James
Authors: DʼMello, R., Sand, C. A., Pezet, S., Leiper, J. M., Gaurilcikaite, E., McMahon, S. B., Dickenson, A. H., and Nandi, M.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Pain
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins
ISSN:0304-3959
ISSN (Online):1872-6623
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2015 International Association for the Study of Pain
First Published:First published in Pain 156(10):2052-2060
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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