Assessing the risk for an obligate scavenger to be dependent on predictable feeding sources

Fluhr, J., Benhamou, S., Riotte-Lambert, L. and Duriez, O. (2017) Assessing the risk for an obligate scavenger to be dependent on predictable feeding sources. Biological Conservation, 215, pp. 92-98. (doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2017.07.030)

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Abstract

For scavenging species that evolved to search for ephemeral and unpredictable resources, supplementary feeding may act as an ecological trap. Increasing food predictability may lead to the emergence of foraging routines liable to make individuals too dependent on human-mediated feeding. Using recent methodologies (Fourier, Wavelet and conditional entropy-based analyses), we investigated the degree of routine movement behaviour in a population of Eurasian Griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus) that mostly feed on livestock carrion provided at Supplementary Feeding Stations (SFS). Overall, the levels of routine behaviour were low. Only 10% of the SFS included within an individual's home range were periodically visited for some time, with a period ranging from 1 to 6 days. The closer a SFS to the nest and the higher the frequency of food supply, the more likely was a vulture to visit this SFS periodically. Vultures also tended to repeatedly visit some series of SFS more often than expected if they would forage at random, but the levels of routine remained relatively low. Our results suggest that the management of supplementary food through a network of numerous small SFS does not substantially disrupt the natural foraging behaviour of vultures, whereas large, frequently replenished SFS tend to artificially increase their level of routine. We thus recommend managers to preferentially rely on a system of dilution of carcasses across the environment to protect the opportunistic behaviour typical of wild vultures.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Riotte-Lambert, Dr Louise
Authors: Fluhr, J., Benhamou, S., Riotte-Lambert, L., and Duriez, O.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Biological Conservation
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-3207
Published Online:09 October 2017

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