Huddle test measurement of a near Johnson noise limited geophone

Kirchhoff, R. et al. (2017) Huddle test measurement of a near Johnson noise limited geophone. Review of Scientific Instruments, 88(11), 115008. (doi: 10.1063/1.5000592) (PMID:29195374)

152233.pdf - Accepted Version



In this paper, the sensor noise of two geophone configurations (L-22D and L-4C geophones from Sercel with custom built amplifiers) was measured by performing two huddle tests. It is shown that the accuracy of the results can be significantly improved by performing the huddle test in a seismically quiet environment and by using a large number of reference sensors to remove the seismic foreground signal from the data. Using these two techniques, the measured sensor noise of the two geophone configurations matched the calculated predictions remarkably well in the bandwidth of interest (0.01 Hz–100 Hz). Low noise operational amplifiers OPA188 were utilized to amplify the L-4C geophone to give a sensor that was characterized to be near Johnson noise limited in the bandwidth of interest with a noise value of 10−11 m/Hz⎯⎯⎯⎯⎯√10−11 m/Hz at 1 Hz.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Strain, Professor Kenneth
Authors: Kirchhoff, R., Mow-Lowry, C. M., Adya, V. B., Bergmann, G., Cooper, S., Hanke, M. M., Koch, P., Köhlenbeck, S. M., Lehmann, J., Oppermann, P., Wöhler, J., Wu, D. S., Lück, H., and Strain, K.A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Review of Scientific Instruments
Publisher:AIP Publishing
ISSN (Online):1089-7623
Published Online:21 November 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 AIP
First Published:First published in Review of Scientific Instruments 88(11):115008
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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