The collagens of hydra provide insight into the evolution of metazoan extracellular matrices

Zhang, X., Boot-Handford, R. P., Huxley-Jones, J., Forse, L. N., Mould, A. P., Robertson, D. L. , Li, L., Athiyal, M. and Sarras, M. P. (2007) The collagens of hydra provide insight into the evolution of metazoan extracellular matrices. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 282(9), pp. 6792-802. (doi:10.1074/jbc.M607528200) (PMID:17204477)

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Abstract

A collagen-based extracellular matrix is one defining feature of all Metazoa. The thick sheet-like extracellular matrix (mesoglia) of the diploblast, hydra, has characteristics of both a basement membrane and an interstitial matrix. Several genes associated with mesoglea have been cloned including a basement membrane and fibrillar collagen and an A and B chain of laminin. Here we report the characterization of a further three fibrillar collagen genes (Hcol2, Hcol3, and Hcol5) and the partial sequence of a collagen gene with a unique structural organization consisting of multiple von Willebrand factor A domains interspersed with interrupted collagenous triple helices (Hcol6) from Hydra vulgaris. Hcol2 and -5 have major collagenous domains of classical length ( approximately 1020 amino acid residues), whereas the equivalent domain in Hcol3 is shorter (969 residues). The N-propeptide of Hcol2 contains a whey acid protein four-cysteine repeat (WAP) domain, and the equivalent domain of Hcol3 contains two WAP and two von Willebrand factor A domains. Phylogenetic analyses reveal that the hydra fibrillar collagen genes form a distinct clade that appears related to the protostome/deuterostome A clade of fibrillar collagens. Data base searches reveal Hcol2, -5, and -6 are highly conserved in Hydra magnipapillata, which also provided preliminary evidence for the expression of a B-clade fibrillar collagen. All four of the H. vulgaris collagens are expressed specifically by the ectoderm. The expression pattern for Hcol2 is similar to that previously reported for Hcol1 (Deutzmann, R., Fowler, S., Zhang, X., Boone, K., Dexter, S., Boot-Handford, R. P., Rachel, R., and Sarras, M. P., Jr. (2000) Development 127, 4669-4680) but distinct from the pattern shared by Hcol3 and Hcol5. The characterization of multiple collagen genes in relatively simple diploblastic organisms provides new insights into the molecular evolution of collagens and the origins of the collagen-based extracellular matrix found throughout the multicellular animal kingdom.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Robertson, Professor David
Authors: Zhang, X., Boot-Handford, R. P., Huxley-Jones, J., Forse, L. N., Mould, A. P., Robertson, D. L., Li, L., Athiyal, M., and Sarras, M. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
ISSN:0021-9258
ISSN (Online):1083-351X
Published Online:03 January 2007

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