Suicide clusters: a review of risk factors and mechanisms

Haw, C., Hawton, K., Niedzwiedz, C. and Platt, S. (2013) Suicide clusters: a review of risk factors and mechanisms. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 43(1), pp. 97-108. (doi: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2012.00130.x) (PMID:23356785)

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Abstract

Suicide clusters, although uncommon, cause great concern in the communities in which they occur. We searched the world literature on suicide clusters and describe the risk factors and proposed psychological mechanisms underlying the spatio-temporal clustering of suicides (point clusters). Potential risk factors include male gender, being an adolescent or young adult, drug or alcohol abuse, and past history of self-harm. However, the majority of studies lack methodological rigor. Many different psychological mechanisms are described, including contagion, imitation, suggestion, learning, and assortative relating, but supporting empirical evidence is generally lacking. More scientifically rigorous studies are needed to improve understanding of suicide clusters.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Niedzwiedz, Dr Claire
Authors: Haw, C., Hawton, K., Niedzwiedz, C., and Platt, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0363-0234
ISSN (Online):1943-278X
Published Online:28 January 2013

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