Robustness of geography as an instrument to assess impact of climate change on agriculture

Husnain, M. I. U., Subramanian, A. and Haider, A. (2018) Robustness of geography as an instrument to assess impact of climate change on agriculture. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 10(5), pp. 654-669. (doi:10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2017-0049)

Husnain, M. I. U., Subramanian, A. and Haider, A. (2018) Robustness of geography as an instrument to assess impact of climate change on agriculture. International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management, 10(5), pp. 654-669. (doi:10.1108/IJCCSM-03-2017-0049)

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Abstract

The empirical literature on climate change and agriculture does not adequately address the issue of potential endogeneity between climatic variables and agriculture which makes their estimates unreliable. This study is designed to investigate the relationships between climate change and agriculture and test the potential reverse causality and endogeneity of climatic variables to agriculture. This study introduces a geographical instrument, longitude and latitude, for temperature to assess the impact of climate change on agriculture by estimating regression using IV-2SLS method over annual panel data for 60 countries for the period 1999-2011. The Identification and F-statistic tests are used to choose and exclude the instrument. The inclusion of some control variables is supposed to reduce the omitted variable bias. The study finds a negative relationship between temperature and agriculture. Surprisingly the magnitude of the coefficient on temperature is mild, at least 20%, as compared to previous studies may be due to the use of the instrumental variable which is also supported by an alternative robust measure when estimated across different regions. The study provides strong implications for the policy makers to confront climate change that is an impending danger to agriculture. In designing effective policies and strategies policy makers should focus not only on crop production but also on other agricultural activities such as livestock production and fisheries, in addition to national and international socio-economic and geopolitical dynamics. This paper contributes to the growing literature in at least four aspects. First, empirical settings introduce an innovative geographical instrument, Second, it includes a wider set of control variables in the analysis. Third, improves over previous researches by using agriculture value addition and finally, the effects of temperature and precipitation on a single aggregate measure, agriculture value addition are separately investigated.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Husnain, Dr Muhammad Iftikh and Subramanian, Dr Arjunan
Authors: Husnain, M. I. U., Subramanian, A., and Haider, A.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Journal Name:International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Publisher:Emerald
ISSN:1756-8692
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Muhammad Iftikhar Ul Husnain, Arjunan Subramanian and Azad Haider
First Published:First published in International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management 10(5): 654-669
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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