Dating and relationship violence among 16-19 year olds in England and Wales: a cross-sectional study of types of victimisations by gender and risk factors

Young, H., Turney, C., White, J., Bonell, C., Lewis, R. and Fletcher, A. (2018) Dating and relationship violence among 16-19 year olds in England and Wales: a cross-sectional study of types of victimisations by gender and risk factors. Journal of Public Health, 40(4), pp. 738-746. (doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx139) (PMID:29136181) (PMCID:PMC6306090)

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Abstract

Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students. This study examines the association between DRV victimization and socio-demographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16–19 year olds FE students. Methods: Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16–19 at six FE settings in England and Wales. Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimization by gender. Multilevel logistic regression examined the odds ratios of DRV victimization according to socio-demographics, sexual identity and dating behaviours. Results: DRV victimization clusters into two categories for females, and three for males. Among females, 46.1% experienced controlling behaviours and 31.6% threatening behaviours; 49.9% of males experienced controlling behaviours, 27.1% threatening behaviours and 5.8% online sexual violence. The odds of DRV victimization were 2–8 times greater for males and 2–4 times greater for females who had ever sent a sexually explicit image. No consistent association was found between DRV and age, spending money per week, educational attainment or meeting partners online. Conclusions: The high prevalence, absence of gender differences and social patterning, suggests DRV victimization may be becoming normalized and is of significant public health importance for young people in England and Wales.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by The Medical Research Council Public Health Intervention Development Scheme (MRC PHIND) Grant number [MR/M026272/1].
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lewis, Dr Ruth
Authors: Young, H., Turney, C., White, J., Bonell, C., Lewis, R., and Fletcher, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO SPHSU
Journal Name:Journal of Public Health
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1741-3842
ISSN (Online):1741-3850
Published Online:10 November 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Public Health 40(4): 738-746
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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