Combined effects of nanofluid and transverse twisted-baffles on the flow structures, heat transfer and irreversibilities inside a square duct-A numerical study

Rashidi, S., Akbarzadeh, M., Karimi, N. and Masoodi, R. (2018) Combined effects of nanofluid and transverse twisted-baffles on the flow structures, heat transfer and irreversibilities inside a square duct-A numerical study. Applied Thermal Engineering, 130, pp. 135-148. (doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.048)

Rashidi, S., Akbarzadeh, M., Karimi, N. and Masoodi, R. (2018) Combined effects of nanofluid and transverse twisted-baffles on the flow structures, heat transfer and irreversibilities inside a square duct-A numerical study. Applied Thermal Engineering, 130, pp. 135-148. (doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.048)

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Abstract

This paper presents a three-dimensional, numerical thermo-hydrodynamic and second low analysis of nanofluid flow inside a square duct equipped with transverse twisted-baffles. A finite volume method is employed to simulate forced convection of heat in the system with the inclusion of Brownian motion of the nanoparticles. The ultimate aim is to gain further understanding of the underlying physical processes and also to determine the optimal design and working conditions of the system. The effects of variations in the pitch intensity (γ) from 180 ° to 540 ° and volume fraction of nanoparticles (φ) from 0 to 0.05 on the nanofluid flow, heat convection and thermodynamic irreversibilities are investigated. The numerical results show that the baffle with γ=360 ° features the maximum value of heat transfer coefficient among all values of γ. Additionally, the baffle with γ=540 ° shows the minimum pressure drop for the entire range of γ. Finally, it is shown that the thermal entropy generation decreases by increasing the volume fraction of nanoparticles or inserting baffles inside the duct.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Rashidi, S., Akbarzadeh, M., Karimi, N., and Masoodi, R.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Applied Thermal Engineering
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1359-4311
ISSN (Online):1359-4311
Published Online:10 November 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Applied Thermal Engineering 130:135-148
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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