Branched hybridization chain reaction – using highly dimensional DNA nanostructures for label-free, reagent-less multiplexed molecular diagnostics

Xu, G., Lai, M., Wilson, R. , Glidle, A., Reboud, J. and Cooper, J. M. (2019) Branched hybridization chain reaction – using highly dimensional DNA nanostructures for label-free, reagent-less multiplexed molecular diagnostics. Microsystems and Nanoengineering, 5, 37. (doi:10.1038/s41378-019-0076-z)

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Abstract

The specific and multiplexed detection of DNA underpins many analytical methods, including the detection of microorganisms that are important in the medical, veterinary, and environmental sciences. To achieve such measurements generally requires enzyme-mediated amplification of the low concentrations of the target nucleic acid sequences present, together with the precise control of temperature, as well as the use of enzyme-compatible reagents. This inevitably leads to compromises between analytical performance and the complexity of the assay. The hybridization chain reaction (HCR) provides an attractive alternative, as a route to enzyme-free DNA amplification. To date, the linear nucleic acid products, produced during amplification, have not enabled the development of efficient multiplexing strategies, nor the use of label-free analysis. Here, we show that by designing new DNA nanoconstructs, we are able, for the first time, to increase the molecular dimensionality of HCR products, creating highly branched amplification products, which can be readily detected on label-free sensors. To show that this new, branching HCR system offers a route for enzyme-free, label-free DNA detection, we demonstrate the multiplexed detection of a target sequence (as the initiator) in whole blood. In the future, this technology will enable rapid point-of-care multiplexed clinical analysis or in-the-field environmental monitoring.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wilson, Dr Robert and Cooper, Professor Jonathan and Reboud, Dr Julien and Xu, Mr Gaolian and Glidle, Dr Andrew
Authors: Xu, G., Lai, M., Wilson, R., Glidle, A., Reboud, J., and Cooper, J. M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Microsystems and Nanoengineering
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2055-7434
ISSN (Online):2055-7434
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2019 The Authors
First Published:First published in Microsystems and Nanoengineering 5:37
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:10.5525/gla.researchdata.411

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
553521Next Generation Analytical Tools: Application to Protein Oxidations that affect Human Health and WellbeingJonathan CooperEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/I017887/1ENG - BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING
617021Advanced Diagnostics using PhononicsJonathan CooperEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/K027611/1ENG - BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING