Rethinking one of criminology's 'brute facts': the age-crime curve and the crime drop in Scotland

Matthews, B. and Minton, J. (2018) Rethinking one of criminology's 'brute facts': the age-crime curve and the crime drop in Scotland. European Journal of Criminology, 15(3), pp. 296-320. (doi:10.1177/1477370817731706)

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Abstract

Examining annual variation in the age–crime curve as a way to better understand the recent crime drop, this paper explores how the age distribution of convicted offending changed for men and women in Scotland between 1989 and 2011. This analysis employs shaded contour plots as a method of visualizing annual change in the age–crime curve. Similar to recent findings from the USA, we observed falling rates of convicted offending for young people, primarily owing to lower rates of convicted offending for young men. In contrast to the US literature we also find increases in the rate of convicted offending for those in their mid-twenties to mid-forties, which are relatively greater for women than men. Analysis of annual change shows different phases in the progression of these trends, with falls in prevalence during the 1990s reflecting lower rates of convictions for acquisitive crime, but falls between 2007 and 2011 being spread across multiple crime types. Explanations of the crime drop in Scotland and elsewhere must be able to account for different patterns of change across age, sex, crime type and time.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Minton, Dr Jonathan
Authors: Matthews, B., and Minton, J.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:European Journal of Criminology
Publisher:SAGE
ISSN:1477-3708
ISSN (Online):1741-2609
Published Online:24 November 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in European Journal of Criminology 15(3):296-320
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
618341Location Dynamics, Owner Occupation and Ethnicity in ScotlandAndrew SmithEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/K006460/1SPS - SOCIOLOGY