Joint effect of physical activity and sedentary behaviour on cardiovascular risk factors in Chilean adults

Cristi-Montero, C. et al. (2018) Joint effect of physical activity and sedentary behaviour on cardiovascular risk factors in Chilean adults. Journal of Public Health, 40(3), pp. 485-492. (doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdx134) (PMID:29045709)

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Abstract

Background: To investigate the associations between combined categories of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) with markers of adiposity and cardiovascular risk in adults. Methods: Overall, 5040 participants (mean age 46.4 years and 59.3% women) from the cross-sectional Chilean National Health Survey 2009–2010 were included in this study. MVPA and SB were measured using the Global Physical Activity questionnaire. Four categories were computed using MVPA- and SB-specific cut-offs (‘High-SB & Active’, ‘Low-SB & Active’, ‘High-SB & Inactive’ and ‘Low-SB & Inactive’). Results: Compared to the reference group (‘High-SB & Inactive’), those in ‘High-SB & Active’ and ‘Low-SB & Active’ were less likely to have an obese BMI (OR: 0.67 [0.54; 0.85], P = 0.0001 and 0.74 [0.59; 0.92] P = 0.0007, respectively) and less likely to have metabolic syndrome (OR: 0.63 [0.49; 0.82], P < 0.0001 and 0.72 [0.57; 0.91], P = 0.007), central obesity (OR: 0.79 [0.65; 0.96], P = 0.016 and 0.71 [0.59; 0.84], P < 0.0001), diabetes (OR: 0.45 [0.35; 0.59], P < 0.0001 and 0.44 [0.34; 0.56], P < 0.0001) and hypertension (OR: 0.52 [0.43; 0.63], P < 0.0001 and 0.60 [0.50; 0.72], P < 0.0001), respectively. Conclusions: Being physically active and spending less time in SBs was associated with lower adiposity and improvements in cardiovascular risk factors.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos and Petermann, Mrs Fanny and Steell, Mr Lewis
Authors: Cristi-Montero, C., Steell, L., Petermann, F., Garrido-Méndez, A., Díaz-Martínez, X., Salas-Bravo, C., Ramirez-Campillo, R., Alvarez, C., Rodriguez, F., Aguilar-Farias, N., Martinez, M. A., Leiva, A. M., Poblete-Valderrama, F., Willis, N. D., and Celis-Morales, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Public Health
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1741-3842
ISSN (Online):1741-3850
Published Online:17 October 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Public Health 40(3):485-492
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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