High performance CuO nanorectangles-based room temperature flexible NH3 sensor

Sakthivel, B., Manjakkal, L. and Nammalvar, G. (2017) High performance CuO nanorectangles-based room temperature flexible NH3 sensor. IEEE Sensors Journal, 17(20), pp. 6529-6536. (doi:10.1109/JSEN.2017.2749334)

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Abstract

Here, we report the fabrication of a flexible room temperature ammonia gas sensor using surfactant-free hydrothermally synthesized copper oxide (CuO) nanorectangles. The structural analysis revealed that the CuO nanorectangles possessed monoclinic structure with an average length and breadth of 950 and 450 nm, respectively. The specific surface area of CuO nanorectangles was determined to be 29 m2/g. The sensor was fabricated on a flexible polyethylene terephthalate substrate by screen printing technique. The room temperature ammonia sensing measurement exhibited significant response down to 5 ppm of ammonia with a quick response time of 90 s and recovered to baseline within 120 s. Maximum response of 0.99 was recorded for 100 ppm of ammonia. The rate constants for adsorption and desorption were estimated for 6.5 to 100 ppm of ammonia from the exponential conductance changes during response and recovery process. The sensor showed appreciable stability and reproducibility of the sensing performance over a period of three months. The fabricated flexible sensor demonstrated its ability to detect a wide range of ammonia concentrations at room temperature irrespective of the mechanical deformations applied. Thus, the fabricated sensor is promising and can be suitably employed for practical applications in environments where efficient gas sensing is vitally important.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Manjakkal, Dr Libu
Authors: Sakthivel, B., Manjakkal, L., and Nammalvar, G.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
Journal Name:IEEE Sensors Journal
Publisher:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:1530-437X
ISSN (Online):1558-1748
Published Online:07 September 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Sensors Journal 17(20):6529-6536
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
663861Engineering Fellowships for Growth: Printed Tactile SKINRavinder DahiyaEngineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/M002527/1ENG - ENGINEERING ELECTRONICS & NANO ENG