Effect of periodicity in the optimization of fine tuned dipolar plasmonic structures for SERS

Vilhena, H., McMeekin, S. G., Holmes-Smith, A. S., Sharp, G. G., De La Rue, R. M. and Johnson, N. P. (2017) Effect of periodicity in the optimization of fine tuned dipolar plasmonic structures for SERS. In: Third International Conference on Applications of Optics and Photonics, Faro, Portugal, 08-12 May 2017, p. 1045330. (doi:10.1117/12.2276358)

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Abstract

Arrays of nanoantennas consisting of plasmonic dipole pairs have been widely used in surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS). Fine-tuned structures that can efficiently convert incident electromagnetic energy to excite molecules and provide enhanced detection. However, this tuning mechanism also has its disadvantages. In order to prevent the cross coupling, the distance between each individual element must be increased. This leads to low packing density values which in turn results in a reduction of the overall enhanced Raman signal when these structures are compared to broadly tuned aggregates of particles such as those obtained through metal sputtering or colloidal deposition. In this work we demonstrate through simulations and experimental work that it is possible to increase the reflected signal of an array of nanoantennas by reducing the distance between them in the direction both perpendicular and parallel to the orientation of the incident electric field. It is shown the resonant wavelength shifts in two different spectral directions depending in how the intercell distance was reduced. These resultant shifts can reduce the tuning capabilities of the structures but also can increase the SERS intensity due to close coupling of the dipole pairs. We believe that these results will enable the design and fabrication of structures possessing a greater degree of tunability together with an overall enhanced Raman signal that can rival aggregated SERS substrates.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Johnson, Dr Nigel and Sharp, Mr Graham and De La Rue, Professor Richard
Authors: Vilhena, H., McMeekin, S. G., Holmes-Smith, A. S., Sharp, G. G., De La Rue, R. M., and Johnson, N. P.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering
ISSN:0277-786X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 SPIE
First Published:First published in Proceedings of SPIE 10453: 1045330
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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