Growth mixture modeling with measurement selection

Flynt, A. and Dean, N. (2019) Growth mixture modeling with measurement selection. Journal of Classification, 36(1), pp. 3-25. (doi:10.1007/s00357-018-9275-9)

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Abstract

Growth mixture models are an important tool for detecting group structure in repeated measures data. Unlike traditional clustering methods, they explicitly model the repeated measurements on observations, and the statistical framework they are based on allows for model selection methods to be used to select the number of clusters. However, the basic growth mixture model makes the assumption that all of the measurements in the data have grouping information that separate the clusters. In other clustering contexts, it has been shown that including non-clustering variables in clustering procedures can lead to poor estimation of the group structure both in terms of the number of clusters and cluster membership/parameters. In this paper, we present an extension of the growth mixture model that allows for incorporation of stepwise variable selection based on the work done by Maugis, Celeux, and Martin-Magniette (2009) and Raftery and Dean (2006). Results presented on a simulation study suggest that the method performs well in correctly selecting the clustering variables and improves on recovery of the cluster structure compared with the basic growth mixture model. The paper also presents an application of the model to a clinical study dataset and concludes with a discussion and suggestions for directions of future work in this area.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Dean, Dr Nema
Authors: Flynt, A., and Dean, N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:Journal of Classification
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0176-4268
ISSN (Online):1432-1343
Published Online:29 October 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 Classification Society of North America
First Published:First published in Journal of Classification 36(1):3-25
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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