An examination of social comparison and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior

Wetherall, K., Robb, K. A. and O'Connor, R. C. (2019) An examination of social comparison and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 49(1), pp. 167-182. (doi:10.1111/sltb.12434) (PMID:29315750)

Wetherall, K., Robb, K. A. and O'Connor, R. C. (2019) An examination of social comparison and suicide ideation through the lens of the integrated motivational–volitional model of suicidal behavior. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 49(1), pp. 167-182. (doi:10.1111/sltb.12434) (PMID:29315750)

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Abstract

We aimed to investigate whether negative social comparisons are associated with key components of the integrated motivational-volitional (IMV) model of suicidal behavior. Specifically, we investigated the relationship between negative social comparisons, suicide ideation, defeat, entrapment, socially prescribed perfectionism, and resilience. Adult participants (N = 422) completed an online survey comprised of a range of psychological measures. An initial regression analysis indicated that negative social comparisons were associated with suicide ideation. Three mediation models were tested based on the IMV model, all controlling for depressive symptoms. In the first, social comparison partially mediated the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism and defeat. In the second, defeat mediated the relationship between negative social comparisons and entrapment, and resilience moderated the relationship when defeat was high. In the final model, entrapment mediated the relationship between defeat and suicide ideation, with resilience moderating this relationship when entrapment was high. These findings are novel and lend support to the IMV model. The clinical implications include highlighting the importance of targeting resilience given its potential association with defeat and entrapment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wetherall, Miss Karen and O'Connor, Professor Rory and Robb, Dr Kathryn
Authors: Wetherall, K., Robb, K. A., and O'Connor, R. C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0363-0234
ISSN (Online):1943-278X
Published Online:06 January 2018
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2018 The American Association of Suicidology
First Published:First published in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 49(1): 167-182
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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