When who and how matter: explaining the success of referendums in Europe

Silagadze, N. and Gherghina, S. (2018) When who and how matter: explaining the success of referendums in Europe. Comparative European Politics, 16(5), pp. 905-922. (doi: 10.1057/s41295-017-0107-9)

148755.pdf - Accepted Version



This article aims to identify the institutional factors that make a referendum successful. This comparative analysis seeks to explain the success of top-down referendums organized in Europe between 2001 and 2013. It argues and tests for the main effect of three institutional factors (popularity of the initiator, size of parliamentary majority, and political cues during referendum campaigns) and controls for the type of referendum and voter turnout. The analysis uses data collected from referendums and electoral databases, public opinion surveys, and newspaper articles. Results show that referendums proposed by a large parliamentary majority or with clear messages from political parties during campaign are likely to be successful.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gherghina, Dr Sergiu
Authors: Silagadze, N., and Gherghina, S.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Journal Name:Comparative European Politics
Publisher:Palgrave Macmillan
ISSN (Online):1740-388X
Published Online:19 September 2017

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record