Quantitative insertion-site sequencing (QIseq) for high throughput phenotyping of transposon mutants

Bronner, I. F., Otto, T. D. , Zhang, M., Udenze, K., Wang, C., Quail, M. A., Jiang, R. H. Y., Adams, J. H. and Rayner, J. C. (2016) Quantitative insertion-site sequencing (QIseq) for high throughput phenotyping of transposon mutants. Genome Research, 26(7), pp. 980-989. (doi:10.1101/gr.200279.115) (PMID:27197223) (PMCID:PMC4937560)

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Abstract

Genetic screening using random transposon insertions has been a powerful tool for uncovering biology in prokaryotes, where whole-genome saturating screens have been performed in multiple organisms. In eukaryotes, such screens have proven more problematic, in part because of the lack of a sensitive and robust system for identifying transposon insertion sites. We here describe quantitative insertion-site sequencing, or QIseq, which uses custom library preparation and Illumina sequencing technology and is able to identify insertion sites from both the 5' and 3' ends of the transposon, providing an inbuilt level of validation. The approach was developed using piggyBac mutants in the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum but should be applicable to many other eukaryotic genomes. QIseq proved accurate, confirming known sites in >100 mutants, and sensitive, identifying and monitoring sites over a >10,000-fold dynamic range of sequence counts. Applying QIseq to uncloned parasites shortly after transfections revealed multiple insertions in mixed populations and suggests that >4000 independent mutants could be generated from relatively modest scales of transfection, providing a clear pathway to genome-scale screens in P. falciparum QIseq was also used to monitor the growth of pools of previously cloned mutants and reproducibly differentiated between deleterious and neutral mutations in competitive growth. Among the mutants with fitness defects was a mutant with a piggyBac insertion immediately upstream of the kelch protein K13 gene associated with artemisinin resistance, implying mutants in this gene may have competitive fitness costs. QIseq has the potential to enable the scale-up of piggyBac-mediated genetics across multiple eukaryotic systems.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Otto, Dr Thomas
Authors: Bronner, I. F., Otto, T. D., Zhang, M., Udenze, K., Wang, C., Quail, M. A., Jiang, R. H. Y., Adams, J. H., and Rayner, J. C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Genome Research
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
ISSN:1088-9051
ISSN (Online):1549-5469
Published Online:10 May 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright ©2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Genome Research 26(7):980-989
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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