Expressing entitlement in colonial Algeria: villagers, medical doctors, and the state in the early 20th century

Clark, H.-L. (2016) Expressing entitlement in colonial Algeria: villagers, medical doctors, and the state in the early 20th century. International Journal of Middle East Studies, 48(3), pp. 445-472. (doi: 10.1017/S002074381600043X)

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Abstract

This article expands our understanding of state–society interactions in rural Algeria under French colonial rule, focusing specifically on villages in the eastern department of Constantine. I analyze previously unstudied administrative records, newspapers, petitions, and complaints to show how sanitary regulations and medical expertise came to shape relationships among villagers, local elites, and the colonial state from the early 20th century. Villagers responded to state-led medicalization by seeking the protection of medical doctors, not only from disease but also from the state itself. In particular, they sought to avoid heavy-handed treatment by qaʾids and local elites who applied disease control measures without appropriate medical knowledge. Furthermore, close examination of petitions sent during World War I suggests that hardships experienced by rural communities during the war accentuated nascent feelings of entitlement across demographic, ethnic, and religious communal boundaries toward state medical treatment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Clark, Dr Hannah-Louise
Authors: Clark, H.-L.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > History
Journal Name:International Journal of Middle East Studies
Publisher:Cambridge University Press
ISSN:0020-7438
ISSN (Online):1471-6380
Published Online:06 July 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Cambridge University Press
First Published:First published in International Journal of Middle East Studies 48(3):445-472
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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