Administering vaccination in interwar Algeria: medical auxiliaries, smallpox, and the colonial state in the Communes mixtes

Clark, H.-L. (2016) Administering vaccination in interwar Algeria: medical auxiliaries, smallpox, and the colonial state in the Communes mixtes. French Politics, Culture and Society, 34(2), pp. 32-56. (doi: 10.3167/fpcs.2016.340203)

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Abstract

Compulsory smallpox vaccination was introduced to Algeria by decree on 27 May 1907. After World War I, the combination of public health crises, racialized fears of contagion, and the objective of mise en valeur prompted the colonial state to make Muslim villagers in the communes mixtes a more systematic target of smallpox vaccination. This was achieved in large part thanks to the efforts of Muslim medical auxiliaries. This article reconstructs the kinds of training, labor, and clerical skills embodied in these agents’ administration of vaccination. It also examines the accommodation and contestation of their presence by officials, politicians, and villagers. The author argues that the administrative bureaucracy generated by vaccination may have preceded and enabled the expansion of state registration in rural areas during the interwar period, but ultimately was more effective at disciplining the medical auxiliary than it was at controlling villagers or the smallpox virus.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Clark, Dr Hannah-Louise
Authors: Clark, H.-L.
College/School:College of Arts > School of Humanities > History
Journal Name:French Politics, Culture and Society
Publisher:Berghan Journals
ISSN:1537-6370
ISSN (Online):1558-5271
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Berghan Journals
First Published:First published in French Politics, Culture and Society 34(2):32-56
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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