An axiomatic approach to the measurement of envy

Bosmans, K. and Öztürk, Z. E. (2018) An axiomatic approach to the measurement of envy. Social Choice and Welfare, 50(2), pp. 247-264. (doi:10.1007/s00355-017-1082-4)

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We characterize a class of envy-as-inequity measures. There are three key axioms. Decomposability requires that overall envy is the sum of the envy within and between subgroups. The other two axioms deal with the two-individual setting and specify how the envy measure should react to simple changes in the individuals’ commodity bundles. The characterized class measures how much one individual envies another individual by the relative utility difference (using the envious’ utility function) between the bundle of the envied and the bundle of the envious, where the utility function that must be used to represent the ordinal preferences is the ‘ray’ utility function. The class measures overall envy by the sum of these (transformed) relative utility differences. We discuss our results in the light of previous contributions to envy measurement and multidimensional inequality measurement.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ozturk, Dr Zeliha Emel
Authors: Bosmans, K., and Öztürk, Z. E.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > Adam Smith Business School > Economics
Journal Name:Social Choice and Welfare
ISSN (Online):1432-217X
Published Online:21 September 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Social Choice and Welfare 50(2): 247-264
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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