A comparison of spatio-temporal disease mapping approaches including an application to ischaemic heart disease in New South Wales, Australia

Anderson, C. and Ryan, L. (2017) A comparison of spatio-temporal disease mapping approaches including an application to ischaemic heart disease in New South Wales, Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(2), 146. (doi:10.3390/ijerph14020146) (PMID:28165383) (PMCID:PMC5334700)

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Abstract

The field of spatio-temporal modelling has witnessed a recent surge as a result of developments in computational power and increased data collection. These developments allow analysts to model the evolution of health outcomes in both space and time simultaneously. This paper models the trends in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in New South Wales, Australia over an eight-year period between 2006 and 2013. A number of spatio-temporal models are considered, and we propose a novel method for determining the goodness-of-fit for these models by outlining a spatio-temporal extension of the Moran’s I statistic. We identify an overall decrease in the rates of IHD, but note that the extent of this health improvement varies across the state. In particular, we identified a number of remote areas in the north and west of the state where the risk stayed constant or even increased slightly

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Anderson, Dr Craig
Authors: Anderson, C., and Ryan, L.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Statistics
Journal Name:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1660-4601
ISSN (Online):1660-4601
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(2):146
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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