Microbiome of peri-implantitis affected and healthy dental sites in patients with a history of chronic periodontitis.

Apatzidou, D., Lappin, D. F., Hamilton, G., Papadopoulos, C. A., Konstantinidis, A. and Riggio, M. P. (2017) Microbiome of peri-implantitis affected and healthy dental sites in patients with a history of chronic periodontitis. Archives of Oral Biology, 83, pp. 145-152. (doi:10.1016/j.archoralbio.2017.07.007) (PMID:28780383)

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Abstract

To determine the composition of the microbiome of peri-implantitis sites and corresponding dental sites in subjects with a history of chronic periodontitis. Clinical and radiographic examination assessed the periodontal/peri-implant disease status. Plaque samples were collected from one diseased implant with peri-implantitis, functional for at least two years and healthy sites in ten non-smokers who had received periodontal treatment prior to implant placement. Following DNA extraction, the bacteria present in each sample were determined by high-throughput sequencing of V3-V4 region of the 16S rRNA gene using the Illumina MiSeq platform. OTUs were picked using QIIME. Differences between dental and implant sites were determined using linear discriminant analysis, effect size and diversity analyses were conducted using PAST v3.02. The microbiomes of healthy samples were more diverse than those found in disease, although disease was associated with a higher abundance of taxa relative to health. The genera Actinobacillus and Streptococcus were most closely associated with health, whereas Prevotella and Porphyromonas were most discriminative for disease. Synergistetes were highly associated with peri-implantitis. In patients with a history of periodontitis, putative periodontal pathogens prevailed in the microbiome of diseased implants. Diseased implants and corresponding healthy sites appear to have distinct microbiological ecosystems.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:16S rRNA gene sequencing, bacteria, microbiome, peri-implantitis, periodontal disease.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hamilton, Dr Graham and Lappin, Dr David and Riggio, Dr Marcello
Authors: Apatzidou, D., Lappin, D. F., Hamilton, G., Papadopoulos, C. A., Konstantinidis, A., and Riggio, M. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Archives of Oral Biology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0003-9969
ISSN (Online):1879-1506
Published Online:13 July 2017

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