Menor peso corporal, de índice de masa corporal y de perímetro de cintura se asocian a una disminución en factores de riesgo cardiovascular en población chilena = Effects of a lower body weight or waist circumference on cardiovascular risk. Findings from the Chilean health survey

Labraña, A. M., Durán, E., Martínez, M. A., Leiva, A. M., Garrido, A., Díaz, X., Salas, C. and Celis-Morales, C. (2017) Menor peso corporal, de índice de masa corporal y de perímetro de cintura se asocian a una disminución en factores de riesgo cardiovascular en población chilena = Effects of a lower body weight or waist circumference on cardiovascular risk. Findings from the Chilean health survey. Revista Medica de Chile, 145(5), pp. 585-594.

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Publisher's URL: http://www.revistamedicadechile.cl/ojs/index.php/rmedica/article/view/5564

Abstract

Background: Overall and central obesity are important risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Aim: To investigate the association of body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) with cardiovascular risk factors in Chile. Material and methods: We included 5,157 participants from the National Health Survey 2009-2010. Prevalence of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, metabolic syndrome and dyslipidemia (high total cholesterol and triglyceride levels and low HDL-cholesterol) were defined using international recommendations. BMI and WC were measured using standardized protocols. Results: A five percent lower body weight, BMI and WC were associated with a significant reduction in cardiovascular risk factors. For each 5% reduction in body weight, the risk for hypertension decreased by 8 and 9% in women and men respectively. Similar risk reductions were observed for diabetes (9 and 11% respectively), metabolic syndrome (23 and 30% respectively), low HDL cholesterol (13 and 13% respectively), high triglyceride levels (16 and 18% respectively) and total cholesterol (8 and 10% respectively). Similar findings were observed for BMI and WC. Conclusions: Lower body weight, BMI or WC are associated with important reductions in cardiovascular risk factors. A 5% reduction in these adiposity markers could be a perfectly feasible goal for lifestyle interventions.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos
Authors: Labraña, A. M., Durán, E., Martínez, M. A., Leiva, A. M., Garrido, A., Díaz, X., Salas, C., and Celis-Morales, C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Revista Medica de Chile
Publisher:Sociedad Medica de Santiago
ISSN:0034-9887
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Revista Medica de Chile 145(5):585-594
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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