Active commuting is associated with a lower risk of obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in Chilean adults

Steell, L. et al. (2018) Active commuting is associated with a lower risk of obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in Chilean adults. Journal of Public Health, 40(3), pp. 508-516. (doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdx092) (PMID:28977515)

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Abstract

Background: There is limited evidence on how active commuting is associated with health benefits in developing countries. The aim of this study therefore was to investigate the associations between active commuting and markers of adiposity and cardiometabolic risk in the Chilean adult population. Methods: In total, 5157 participants from the Chilean National Health Survey 2009–10 were included in this cross-sectional study. Active commuting was measured using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ v2). Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) were measured and used to define obesity and central obesity. Type 2 diabetes (T2D) and metabolic syndrome were determined using WHO and updated ATPIII-NCEP criteria, respectively. Results: The main finding of this study is that a 30 min increase in active commuting is associated with lower odds for BMI > 25.0 kg m−2 (0.93 [95% CI: 0.88–0.98, P = 0.010]). Similarly, the odds for central obesity was 0.87 [0.82–0.92, P < 0.0001]. Similar associations were found for T2D (0.81 [0.75–0.88], P < 0.0001) and metabolic syndrome (OR: 0.86 [0.80–0.92], P < 0.0001). Conclusion: Our findings show that active commuting is associated with lower adiposity and a healthier metabolic profile including lower risk for obesity, diabetes and metabolic syndrome.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was funded by the Chilean Health Ministry as part of the second health surveillance in Chile.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Celis, Dr Carlos and Petermann, Mrs Fanny and Steell, Mr Lewis
Authors: Steell, L., Garrido-Méndez, A., Petermann, F., Díaz-Martínez, X., Martínez, M. A., Leiva, A. M., Salas-Bravo, C., Alvarez, C., Ramirez-Campillo, R., Cristi-Montero, C., Rodríguez, F., Poblete-Valderrama, F., Floody, P. D., Aguilar-Farias, N., Willis, N. D., and Celis-Morales, C. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Public Health
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1741-3842
ISSN (Online):1741-3850
Published Online:28 July 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Oxford University Press on behalf of Faculty of Public Health
First Published:First published in Journal of Public Health 40(3): 508-516
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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