Peripheral blood mitochondrial DNA content in relation to circulating metabolites and inflammatory markers: a population study

Knez, J. et al. (2017) Peripheral blood mitochondrial DNA content in relation to circulating metabolites and inflammatory markers: a population study. PLoS ONE, 12(7), e0181036. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0181036) (PMID:28704533) (PMCID:PMC5509283)

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Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content might undergo significant changes caused by metabolic derangements, oxidative stress and inflammation that lead to development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. We, therefore, investigated in a general population the association of peripheral blood mtDNA content with circulating metabolites and inflammatory markers. We examined 310 subjects (50.6% women; mean age, 53.3 years) randomly selected from a Flemish population. Relative mtDNA content was measured by quantitative real-time PCR in peripheral blood cells. Peak circulating metabolites were quantified using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The level of inflammation was assessed via established inflammatory markers. Using Partial Least Squares analysis, we constructed 3 latent factors from the 44 measured metabolites that explained 62.5% and 8.5% of the variance in the contributing metabolites and the mtDNA content, respectively. With adjustments applied, mtDNA content was positively associated with the first latent factor (P = 0.002). We identified 6 metabolites with a major impact on the construction of this latent factor including HDL3 apolipoproteins, tyrosine, fatty acid with αCH2, creatinine, β-glucose and valine. We summarized them into a single composite metabolite score. We observed a negative association between the composite metabolic score and mtDNA content (P = 0.001). We also found that mtDNA content was inversely associated with inflammatory markers including hs-CRP, hs-IL6, white blood cell and neutrophil counts as well as neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (P≤0.0024). We demonstrated that in a general population relative peripheral blood mtDNA content was associated with circulating metabolites indicative of perturbed lipid metabolism and with inflammatory biomarkers.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Delles, Professor Christian
Authors: Knez, J., Marrachelli, V. G., Cauwenberghs, N., Winckelmans, E., Zhang, Z., Thijs, L., Brguljan-Hitij, J., Plusquin, M., Delles, C., Monleon, D., Redón, J., Staessen, J. A., Nawrot, T. S., and Kuznetsova, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 Knez et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181036
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons license

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