Observation of the strange sea in the proton via inclusive phi -meson production in neutral current deep inelastic scattering at HERA

Chekanov, S. et al. (2003) Observation of the strange sea in the proton via inclusive phi -meson production in neutral current deep inelastic scattering at HERA. Physics Letters B, 553(3-4), 141 -158. (doi:10.1016/S0370-2693(02)03206-9)

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Abstract

Inclusive phi (1020)-meson production in neutral current deep inelastic e/sup +/p scattering has been measured with the ZEUS detector at HERA using an integrated luminosity of 45 pb/sup -1/. The phi mesons were studied in the range 10 lt Q/sup 2/ lt 100 GeV/sup 2/, where Q/sup 2/ is the virtuality of the exchanged photon, and in restricted kinematic regions in the transverse momentum, P/sub T/, pseudorapidity, eta , and the scaled momentum in the Breit frame, x/sub p/. Monte Carlo models with the strangeness-suppression factor as determined by analyses of e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation events overestimate the cross sections. A smaller value of the strangeness-suppression factor reduces the predicted cross sections, but fails to reproduce the shapes of the measured differential cross sections. High-momentum phi mesons in the current region of the Breit frame give the first direct evidence for the strange sea in the proton at low x.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ferrando, Dr James and Saxon, Professor David and Bussey, Dr Peter and Doyle, Professor Anthony and Skillicorn, Professor Ian
Authors: Chekanov, S., Krakauer, D., Magill, S., Musgrave, B., Repond, J., Yoshida, R., Mattingly, M.C.K., Antonioli, P., Bari, G., Basile, M., Bellagamba, L., Boscherini, D., Bruni, A., Bruni, G., Cara Romeo, G., Cifarelli, L., Cindolo, F., Contin, A., Corradi, M., de Pasquale, S., Giusti, P., Iacobucci, G., Margotti, A., Nania, R., Palmonari, F., Pesci, A., Sartorelli, G., Zichichi, A., Aghuzumtsyan, G., Bartsch, D., Brock, I., Goers, S., Hartmann, H., Hilger, E., Irrgang, P., Jakob, H.P., Kappes, A., Katz, U.F., Kind, O., Paul, E., Rautenberg, J., Renner, R., Schnurbusch, H., Stifutkin, A., Tandler, J., Voss, K.C., Wang, M., Weber, A., Bailey, D.S., Brook, N.H., Cole, J.E., Foster, B., Heath, G.P., Heath, H.F., Robins, S., Rodrigues, E., Scott, J., Tapper, R.J., Wing, M., Capua, M., Mastroberardino, A., Schioppa, M., Susinno, G., Kim, J.Y., Kim, Y.K., Lee, J.H., Lim, I.T., Pac, M.Y., Helbich, M., Liu, X., Mellado, B., Ning, Y., Paganis, S., Ren, Z., Schmidke, W.B., Sciulli, F., Chwastowski, J., Eskreys, A., Figiel, J., Olkiewicz, K., Stopa, P., Zawiejski, L., Adamczyk, L., Bold, T., Grabowska-Bold, I., Kisielewska, D., Kowal, A.M., Kowal, M., Kowalski, T., Przybycien, M., Suszycki, L., Szuba, D., Szuba, J., Kotanski, A., Slominski, W., Bauerdick, L.A.T., Behrens, U., Bloch, I., Borras, K., Chiochia, V., Dannheim, D., Derrick, M., Drews, G., Fourletova, J., Fox-Murphy, A., Fricke, U., Geiser, A., Goebel, F., Gottlicher, P., Gutsche, O., Haas, T., Hain, W., Hartner, G.F., Hillert, S., Kotz, U., Kowalski, H., Kramberger, G., Labes, H., Lelas, D., Lohr, B., Mankel, R., Melzer-Pellmann, I.A., Moritz, M., Notz, D., Petrucci, M.C., Polini, A., Raval, A., Schneekloth, U., Selonke, F., Wessoleck, H., Wichmann, R., Wolf, G., Youngman, C., Zeuner, W., Lopez-Duran Viani, A., Meyer, A., Schlenstedt, S., Barbagli, G., Gallo, E., Genta, C., Pelfer, P.G., Bamberger, A., Benen, A., Coppola, N., Bell, M., Bussey, P.J., Doyle, A.T., Glasman, C., Hanlon, S., Lee, S.W., Lupi, A., McCance, G.J., Saxon, D.H., Skillicorn, I.O., Gialas, I., Bodmann, B., Carli, T., Holm, U., Klimek, K., Krumnack, N., Lohrmann, E., Milite, M., Salehi, H., Stonjek, S., Wick, K., Ziegler, A., Ziegler, A., Collins-Tooth, C., Foudas, C., Goncalo, R., Long, K.R., Metlica, F., Tapper, A.D., Cloth, P., Filges, D., Kuze, M., Nagano, K., Tokushuku, K., Yamada, S., Yamazaki, Y., Barakbaev, A.N., Boos, E.G., Pokrovskiy, N.S., Zhautykov, B.O., Lim, H., Son, D., Barreiro, F., Gonzalez, O., Labarga, L., del Peso, J., Redondo, I., Tassi, E., Terron, J., Vazquez, M., Barbi, M., Bertolin, A., Corriveau, F., Ochs, A., Padhi, S., Stairs, D.G., St Laurent, M., Tsurugai, T., Antonov, A., Danilov, P., Dolgoshein, B.A., Gladkov, D., Sosnovtsev, V., Suchkov, S., Dementiev, R.K., Ermolov, P.F., Golubkov, Y., Katkov, I.I., Khein, L.A., Korzhavina, I.A., Kuzmin, V.A., Levchenko, B.B., Lukina, O.Y., Proskuryakov, A.S., Shcheglova, L.M., Vlasov, N.N., Zotkin, S.A., Bokel, C., Engelen, J., Grijpink, S., Koffeman, E., Kooijman, P., Maddox, E., Pellegrino, A., Schagen, S., Tiecke, H., Tuning, N., Velthuis, J.J., Wiggers, L., de Wolf, E., Brummer, N., Bylsma, B., Durkin, L.S., Ling, T.Y., Boogert, S., Cooper-Sarkar, A.M., Devenish, R.C.E., Ferrando, J., Grzelak, G., Matsushita, T., Rigby, M., Ruske, O., Sutton, M.R., Walczak, R., Brugnera, R., Carlin, R., Dal Corso, F., Dusini, S., Garfagnini, A., Limentani, S., and Longhin, A.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Physics Letters B
Publisher:Elsevier BV
ISSN:0370-2693
ISSN (Online):1873-2445

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