Atherosclerotic disease of the abdominal aorta and its branches: prognostic implications in patients with heart failure

Bourantas, C. V. et al. (2012) Atherosclerotic disease of the abdominal aorta and its branches: prognostic implications in patients with heart failure. Heart Failure Reviews, 17(2), pp. 229-239. (doi:10.1007/s10741-011-9284-9) (PMID:22002211)

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Abstract

Aortic atherosclerosis reduces compliance in the systemic circulation and increases peripheral resistance, afterload and left ventricular wall stress. In patients with heart failure, these changes can impair left ventricular systolic function and energy efficiency, which could reduce exercise capacity. Though the interaction and the impact of aortic atherosclerosis on left ventricular function have been investigated, its prognostic implications in patients with heart failure are unclear. We used cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and gadolinium-enhanced abdominal aortography to investigate the prevalence and prognostic impact of atherosclerotic disease of the abdominal aorta and its side branches in 355 patients with heart failure. Sclerotic abdominal aortic disease was defined as a luminal narrowing >50% of the aorta and its side branches or the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Patients with disease of the aorta and its branches were older (P < 0.0001), had overall longer stay in hospital (P = 0.006) and had more admissions (P = 0.001) and worse prognosis (hazard ratio: 1.97, 95% confidence interval: 1.29–3.00, P = 0.002) than those without. In a multivariable model, increasing age and pulse pressure, diabetes mellitus and increasing left ventricular end-diastolic volume were associated with a worse prognosis, but sclerotic abdominal aortic disease was not independently related to outcome (hazard ratio: 1.06; 95% confidence interval: 0.64–1.74; P = 0.823). These data demonstrate that atherosclerosis of the abdominal aorta and its side branches is common and associated with increased morbidity in patients with chronic heart failure. How such disease should be managed remains uncertain, but its recognition and characterisation are the first steps in finding out.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cleland, Professor John
Authors: Bourantas, C. V., Loh, H. P., Sherwi, N., Tweddel, A. C., de Silva, R., Lukaschuk, E. I., Nicholson, A., Rigby, A. S., Thackray, S. D., Ettles, D. F., Nikitin, N. P., Clark, A. L., and Cleland, J. G.F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:Heart Failure Reviews
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1382-4147
ISSN (Online):1573-7322
Published Online:15 October 2011

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