Differences in the shedding of soluble TNF receptors between endotoxin-sensitive and endotoxin-resistant mice in response to lipopolysaccharide or live bacterial challenge

Carpenter, A., Evans, T. J. , Buurman, W. A., Bemelmans, M. H., Moyes, D. and Cohen, J. (1995) Differences in the shedding of soluble TNF receptors between endotoxin-sensitive and endotoxin-resistant mice in response to lipopolysaccharide or live bacterial challenge. Journal of Immunology, 155(4), pp. 2005-2012. (PMID:7636251)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

TNF-alpha plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of septic shock. It exerts its effects by binding two cell surface receptors, designated TNF-R I and II, also referred to as the p55 and p75 receptors, respectively. TNF-Rs are transmembrane proteins, which on cleavage of their extracellular domains, result in the release of soluble fragments (sTNF-R). sTNF-R levels increase markedly during infection, and may serve to modulate TNF-alpha bioactivity. The mechanisms regulating this process are uncertain. To investigate this, we measured sTNF-R release in endotoxin-sensitive C3H/HeN and endotoxin-resistant C3H/HeJ mice given LPS or live Gram-negative bacteria. In C3H/HeN mice, there was a rapid early response during the first 4 h, and a second peak at 8 h, particularly noticeable in the case of the p75 receptor. Prior administration of neutralizing Abs to TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma had no effect on receptor shedding. Surprisingly, C3H/HeJ mice also responded to both bacterial challenge and to LPS by shedding sTNF-R; the magnitude and duration of the early response was not substantially different from C3H/HeN mice, although the second peak was absent. Peritoneal macrophages from C3H/HeN mice responded promptly (5 h) when stimulated with LPS in vitro, and by 22 h levels had increased five- to 10-fold. In contrast, cells from C3H/HeJ mice demonstrated only a very modest response at 22 h following maximal stimulation. The data suggest that there may be at least two separately regulated pathways that control sTNF-R shedding in these mice.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Evans, Professor Tom
Authors: Carpenter, A., Evans, T. J., Buurman, W. A., Bemelmans, M. H., Moyes, D., and Cohen, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
ISSN (Online):1550-6606

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record