The role of nitric oxide in experimental murine sepsis due to pyrogenic exotoxin A-producing Streptococcus pyogenes

Sriskandan, S., Moyes, D., Buttery, L.K., Wilkinson, J., Evans, T.J. , Polak, J. and Cohen, J. (1997) The role of nitric oxide in experimental murine sepsis due to pyrogenic exotoxin A-producing Streptococcus pyogenes. Infection and Immunity, 65(5), pp. 1767-1772. (PMID:9125560) (PMCID:PMC175214)

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Abstract

Nitric oxide (NO) produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) mediates hypotension in endotoxemia. In this study, NO induction by a toxin-producing Streptococcus pyogenes isolate, H250, and by recombinant streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin A (rSPEA) has been examined, both in vitro and in vivo. Streptococcal supernatants, but not rSPEA, induce production of nitrite by murine macrophages when both are coincubated with gamma interferon. Intraperitoneal injection of rSPEA did not cause significant production of NO. However, an elevated level of nitrate in serum was detected in a model of streptococcal fasciitis due to live H250. iNOS was localized to Kupffer cells, hepatocytes, and renal tubular cells by immunostaining. Administration of a NOS inhibitor, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), reduced peak concentrations of nitrate in serum but did not affect survival. NO is induced by H250, both in vitro and in vivo, mainly via SPEA-independent mechanisms. In this model, iNOS is expressed predominantly in the liver. Furthermore, in this model L-NMMA is not protective.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Evans, Professor Tom
Authors: Sriskandan, S., Moyes, D., Buttery, L.K., Wilkinson, J., Evans, T.J., Polak, J., and Cohen, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Infection and Immunity
Publisher:American Society for Microbiology
ISSN:0019-9567
ISSN (Online):1098-5522

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