Application of optical action potentials in human induced pluripotent stem cells-derived cardiomyocytes to predict drug-induced cardiac arrhythmias

Lu, H.R., Hortigon-Vinagre, M.P. , Zamora, V., Kopljar, I., De Bondt, A., Gallacher, D.J. and Smith, G. (2017) Application of optical action potentials in human induced pluripotent stem cells-derived cardiomyocytes to predict drug-induced cardiac arrhythmias. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, 87, pp. 53-67. (doi:10.1016/j.vascn.2017.05.001) (PMID:28501647)

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Abstract

Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPS-CMs) are emerging as new and human-relevant source in vitro model for cardiac safety assessment that allow us to investigate a set of 20 reference drugs for predicting cardiac arrhythmogenic liability using optical action potential (oAP) assay. Here, we describe our examination of the oAP measurement using a voltage sensitive dye (Di-4-ANEPPS) to predict adverse compound effects using hiPS-CMs and 20 cardioactive reference compounds. Fluorescence signals were digitized at 10kHz and the records subsequently analyzed off-line. Cells were exposed to 30min incubation to vehicle or compound (n=5/dose, 4 doses/compound) that were blinded to the investigating laboratory. Action potential parameters were measured, including rise time (Trise) of the optical action potential duration (oAPD). Significant effects on oAPD were sensitively detected with 11 QT-prolonging drugs, while oAPD shortening was observed with ICa-antagonists, IKr-activator or ATP-sensitive K(+) channel (KATP)-opener. Additionally, the assay detected varied effects induced by 6 different sodium channel blockers. The detection threshold for these drug effects was at or below the published values of free effective therapeutic plasma levels or effective concentrations by other studies. The results of this blinded study indicate that OAP is a sensitive method to accurately detect drug-induced effects (i.e., duration/QT-prolongation, shortening, beat rate, and incidence of early after depolarizations) in hiPS-CMs; therefore, this technique will potentially be useful in predicting drug-induced arrhythmogenic liabilities in early de-risking within the drug discovery phase.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Cardiac arrhythmias, OAP: optical action potential, hiPS-CMs: Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes, oAPD: action potential, QT-prolongation, QT shortening.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Zamora Rodriguez, Dr Victor and Smith, Professor Godfrey and Hortigon, Dr Maria
Authors: Lu, H.R., Hortigon-Vinagre, M.P., Zamora, V., Kopljar, I., De Bondt, A., Gallacher, D.J., and Smith, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1056-8719
ISSN (Online):1873-488X
Published Online:10 May 2017

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