Normal limits of the electrocardiogram derived from a large database of Brazilian primary care patients

Palhares, D. M.F., Marcolino, M. S., Santos, T. M.M., da Silva, J. L.P., Gomes, P. R., Ribeiro, L. B., Macfarlane, P. W. and Ribeiro, A. L.P. (2017) Normal limits of the electrocardiogram derived from a large database of Brazilian primary care patients. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 17(1), 152. (doi:10.1186/s12872-017-0572-8) (PMID:28610624) (PMCID:PMC5470250)

Palhares, D. M.F., Marcolino, M. S., Santos, T. M.M., da Silva, J. L.P., Gomes, P. R., Ribeiro, L. B., Macfarlane, P. W. and Ribeiro, A. L.P. (2017) Normal limits of the electrocardiogram derived from a large database of Brazilian primary care patients. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 17(1), 152. (doi:10.1186/s12872-017-0572-8) (PMID:28610624) (PMCID:PMC5470250)

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Abstract

Background: Knowledge of the normal limits of the electrocardiogram (ECG) is mandatory for establishing which patients have abnormal ECGs. No studies have assessed the reference standards for a Latin American population. Our aim was to establish the normal ranges of the ECG for pediatric and adult Brazilian primary care patients. Methods: This retrospective observational study assessed all the consecutive 12-lead digital electrocardiograms of primary care patients at least 1 year old in Minas Gerais state, Brazil, recorded between 2010 and 2015. ECGs were excluded if there were technical problems, selected abnormalities were present or patients with selected self-declared comorbidities or on drug therapy. Only the first ECG from patients with multiple ECGs was accepted. The University of Glasgow ECG analysis program was used to automatically interpret the ECGs. For each variable, the 1st, 2nd, 50th, 98th and 99th percentiles were determined and results were compared to selected studies. Results: A total of 1,493,905 ECGs were recorded. 1,007,891 were excluded and 486.014 were analyzed. This large study provided normal values for heart rate, P, QRS and T frontal axis, P and QRS overall duration, PR and QT overall intervals and QTc corrected by Hodges, Bazett, Fridericia and Framingham formulae. Overall, the results were similar to those from other studies performed in different populations but there were differences in extreme ages and specific measurements. Conclusions: This study has provided reference values for Latinos of both sexes older than 1 year. Our results are comparable to studies performed in different populations.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Macfarlane, Professor Peter
Authors: Palhares, D. M.F., Marcolino, M. S., Santos, T. M.M., da Silva, J. L.P., Gomes, P. R., Ribeiro, L. B., Macfarlane, P. W., and Ribeiro, A. L.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
Journal Name:BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2261
ISSN (Online):1471-2261
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 17(1)
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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