Efeito do exercício físico sobre peso corporal em crianças com excesso de peso: ensaio clínico comunitário randomizado em uma favela no Brasil = [Effect of physical exercise on bodyweight in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial in a Brazilian slum]

Alves, J. G. B., Galé, C. R., Souza, E. and Batty, G. D. (2008) Efeito do exercício físico sobre peso corporal em crianças com excesso de peso: ensaio clínico comunitário randomizado em uma favela no Brasil = [Effect of physical exercise on bodyweight in overweight children: a randomized controlled trial in a Brazilian slum]. Cadernos de Saúde Pública, 24(Suppl2), s353-s359. (doi:10.1590/s0102-311x2008001400020) (PMID:18670715)

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Abstract

Given the increase in obesity in developed and developing countries and its concomitant morbidity, successful treatment approaches are needed. We examined the effect of a structured exercise intervention in overweight children in a slum in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil. This was a randomized, controlled efficacy trial. Seventy-eight children were randomized. Exercise was supervised, consisting of three 50' group aerobics sessions per week for six months. All participants maintained ad libitum diets. Based on intention-to-treat analyses, children in both groups had a significant increase in weight at follow-up (p-value for within-group increase < 0.01). The increase in weight was significantly lower in the exercise group (mean difference between groups; -1.37; 95%CI: -2.00; -0.74). A significant difference (p = 0.049) between the exercise and control groups at six-month follow-up was also found for BMI (mean difference between groups; -0.53; 95%CI: -1.06; -0.002). When we restricted the analyses to children who completed the trial (intervention = 30 and control = 38), the results were the same. An exercise program for children, sustained for six months, was effective for reducing weight gain in overweight children living in a very poor neighborhood.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Batty, Dr G
Authors: Alves, J. G. B., Galé, C. R., Souza, E., and Batty, G. D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Publisher:FapUNIFESP (SciELO)
ISSN:0102-311X
ISSN (Online):1678-4464
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2008 The Authors
First Published:First published in Cadernos de Saúde Pública 24(Suppl 2): s353-s359
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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