Austerity urbanism in England: the 'regressive redistribution' of local government services and the impact on the poor and marginalised

Hastings, A., Bailey, N. , Bramley, G. and Gannon, M. (2017) Austerity urbanism in England: the 'regressive redistribution' of local government services and the impact on the poor and marginalised. Environment and Planning A, 46(9), pp. 2007-2024. (doi:10.1177/0308518X17714797)

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Abstract

That contemporary austerity is being realised to a large extent in and through cities is a growing theme in urban scholarship. Similarly, the concern that the economically marginalised are disproportionately impacted as ‘austerity urbanism’ takes hold drives a significant body of research. While it is clear that substantial austerity cuts are being downloaded onto cities and their governments, the evidence on whether it is the most disadvantaged fractions of the urban population which suffer as a consequence remains thin. Moreover, the mechanisms by which the downloading to the poor occurs are unclear. This paper identifies how austerity cuts are transmitted to the poor and marginalised in the context of severe cuts to the spending power of English local government. It identifies three transmission mechanisms and shows how these operate and with what outcomes, drawing on empirical evidence at the English national and local city levels. The paper provides robust evidence from national data sources and from in-depth, mixed-method case studies to show that the effects of austerity urbanism are borne most heavily by those who are already disadvantaged. It also demonstrates the importance of identifying the specific mechanisms by which downloading on to the poor occurs in particular national contexts, and how this contributes to understanding, and potentially resisting, the regressive logic of austerity urbanism.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The authors would like to acknowledge the generous funding of the Joseph Rowntree Foundation throughout the duration of this research.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gannon, Ms Maria and Bailey, Professor Nick and Hastings, Professor Annette
Authors: Hastings, A., Bailey, N., Bramley, G., and Gannon, M.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Environment and Planning A
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:0308-518X
ISSN (Online):1472-3409
Published Online:16 June 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in Environment and Planning A 79(9):2007-2024
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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