The genesis of supported cobalt catalysts

Wigzell, F. A. and Jackson, S. D. (2017) The genesis of supported cobalt catalysts. Applied Petrochemical Research, 7(1), pp. 9-21. (doi:10.1007/s13203-016-0175-9)

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Abstract

The general objectives of this research were to investigate the effect of the support and the gas atmosphere on the decomposition and reduction of cobalt nitrate hexahydrate supported on silica and alumina to gain a greater understanding of the calcination and reduction procedures used in catalyst manufacturing processes. The decomposition was followed by TGA-DSC-MS. The observed breakdown on the unsupported complex is similar but not identical to previous reports with NO detected as an evolved gas. In an oxygen/argon atmosphere the decomposition is generally simplified for the supported samples with a fewer number of weight loss events. When supported on alumina, cobalt nitrate is stabilised with decomposition events shifting to higher temperatures, whereas when supported on silica, cobalt nitrate is destabilised with only one significant decomposition event, which occurs at a lower temperature than that of the unsupported complex. In a hydrogen/nitrogen atmosphere partial decomposition of cobalt nitrate occurs before reduction is initiated with both supported samples. When supported on alumina, cobalt nitrate reduction is catalysed with the two events that occur below 350 °C happening at lower temperatures, while reduction above 350 °C is moved to higher temperatures. The silica-supported complex in contrast exhibits reduction events that are all reduced in temperature relative to the unsupported salt. However, there is evidence of the formation of cobalt silicate with a high temperature reduction. The study has shown that the calcination and direct reduction of supported cobalt nitrate is significantly affected by the support and that different conditions are required to achieve the same state.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Cobalt nitrate, reduction, oxidation, silica, alumina.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Jackson, Professor Samuel
Authors: Wigzell, F. A., and Jackson, S. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Chemistry
Journal Name:Applied Petrochemical Research
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:2190-5525
ISSN (Online):2190-5533
Published Online:10 December 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Applied Petrochemical Research 7(1):9-21
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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