Nano-communication for biomedical applications: a review on the state-of-the-art from physical layers to novel networking concepts

Abbasi, Q. H. , Yang, K., Chopra, N., Jornet, J. M., Abuali, N. A., Qaraqe, K. A. and Alomainy, A. (2016) Nano-communication for biomedical applications: a review on the state-of-the-art from physical layers to novel networking concepts. IEEE Access, 4, pp. 3920-3935. (doi:10.1109/ACCESS.2016.2593582)

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Abstract

We review EM modeling of the human body, which is essential for in vivo wireless communication channel characterization; discuss EM wave propagation through human tissues; present the choice of operational frequencies based on current standards and examine their effects on communication system performance; discuss the challenges of in vivo antenna design, as the antenna is generally considered to be an integral part of the in vivo channel; review the propagation models for the in vivo wireless communication channel and discuss the main differences relative to the ex vivo channel; and address several open research problems and future research directions.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Abbasi, Dr Qammer
Authors: Abbasi, Q. H., Yang, K., Chopra, N., Jornet, J. M., Abuali, N. A., Qaraqe, K. A., and Alomainy, A.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Journal Name:IEEE Access
Publisher:IEEE
ISSN:2169-3536
ISSN (Online):2169-3536
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 IEEE
First Published:First published in IEEE Access 4:3920-3935
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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