Hospital admissions for physical health conditions for people with intellectual disabilities: systematic review

Dunn, K., Hughes-Mccormack, L. and Cooper, S.-A. (2018) Hospital admissions for physical health conditions for people with intellectual disabilities: systematic review. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, 31(S1), pp. 1-10. (doi:10.1111/jar.12360) (PMID:28467010)

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Abstract

People with intellectual disabilities may have inequalities in hospital admissions compared with the general population. The present authors aimed to investigate admissions for physical health conditions in this population. The present authors conducted a systematic review, searching six databases using terms on intellectual disabilities and hospital admission. Papers were selected based on pre-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria, data extracted, tabulated and synthesized and quality assessed. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42015020575. Seven of 29,613 papers were included. There were more admissions, and a different pattern of admissions (more medical and dental), for people with intellectual disabilities, but most studies did not take account of higher disease prevalence. Three papers considered admissions for ambulatory care-sensitive conditions, two of which accounted for disease prevalence (asthma, diabetes) and found higher admission rates for people with intellectual disabilities. Admissions are common. Asthma and diabetes admission data suggest suboptimal primary health care for people with intellectual disabilities compared with the general population, but evidence is limited.

Item Type:Articles
Keywords:Ambulatory care-sensitive conditions, health, health inequalities, hospital admissions, intellectual disabilities.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hughes-Mccormack, Mrs Laura and Dunn, Mrs Kirsty and Cooper, Professor Sally-Ann
Authors: Dunn, K., Hughes-Mccormack, L., and Cooper, S.-A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:1360-2322
ISSN (Online):1468-3148
Published Online:03 May 2017
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 John Wiley and Sons Ltd
First Published:First published in Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities 31(S1): 1-10
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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