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Full scale prototype of high Q pendulum for interferometric gravitational wave detectors

Cagnoli, G., Gammaitoni, L., Kovalik, J., Marchesoni, F., and Punturo, M. (2000) Full scale prototype of high Q pendulum for interferometric gravitational wave detectors. Review of Scientific Instruments, 71 (5). pp. 2206-2210. ISSN 0034-6748 (doi:10.1063/1.1150607)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1150607

Abstract

A series of measurements were undertaken to measure the quality factor of a full scale prototype of the last stage suspension system (a 21 kg pendulum) of the VIRGO gravitational wave interferometer, by using a structure with negligible recoil losses. The suspension wires consisted of two loops of C85 harmonic steel with a diameter of 200 µm that formed a pendulum with a length of 0.70 m. The measured pendulum Q varied from ~1×104 for the wire simply cradling the mass to 8×105 for the wire being offset from the mass with a prism shaped spacer, while the theoretical value for the pendulum Q was calculated to be 6.7×106. The best measured Q was 1.1×106 for a 20 kg glass mass with metal clamps rigidly attached to it. The main factor that limits the pendulum Q is the dissipation in the wire–test mass attachment. More advanced designs using new materials are needed in order to increase the pendulum Q significantly.

Item Type:Article
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cagnoli, Dr Gianpietro
Authors: Cagnoli, G., Gammaitoni, L., Kovalik, J., Marchesoni, F., and Punturo, M.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Review of Scientific Instruments
ISSN:0034-6748

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