The Dictyostelium mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK2 is regulated by Ras and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and mediates PKA function

Aubry, L., Maeda, M., Insall, R. , Devreotes, P. N. and Firtel, R. A. (1997) The Dictyostelium mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK2 is regulated by Ras and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and mediates PKA function. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 272(7), pp. 3883-3886. (doi:10.1074/jbc.272.7.3883) (PMID:9020088)

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Abstract

The chemoattractant cAMP, acting through serpentine cAMP receptors, results in a rapid and transient stimulation of the Dictyostelium mitogen-activated protein kinase ERK2 activity (1). In this study we show that other pathways required for aggregation, including Ras and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), are important regulators of ERK2 activation and adaptation. By examining both the level and kinetics of activation and adaptation of ERK2, we show that Ras is a negative regulator of ERK2. Activated Ras or disruption of a Ras GAP gene results in reduced ERK2 activation whereas disruption of putative Ras GEF or expression of dominant negative Ras proteins have a more rapid, higher, and extended activation. CRAC, a PH domain-containing protein required for adenylyl cyclase activation, is also required for proper ERK2 adaptation. PKA overexpression results in a more rapid, higher level of activation, whereas pka null cells show a lower level but more extended ERK2 activation. Furthermore, we show that constitutive expression of PKA catalytic subunit bypasses the requirement of ERK2 for aggregation and later development, indicating that PKA lies downstream from ERK2 and that ERK2 may regulate one or more components of the signaling pathway required for mediating PKA function, possibly by directly regulating PKA R or a protein controlling the intracellular level of cAMP.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Insall, Professor Robert
Authors: Aubry, L., Maeda, M., Insall, R., Devreotes, P. N., and Firtel, R. A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN:0021-9258
ISSN (Online):1083-351X

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