The influence of neighbourhoods and the social environment on sedentary behaviour in older adults in three prospective cohorts

Shaw, R. J. , Čukić, I., Deary, I. J., Gale, C. R., Chastin, S. F.M., Dall, P. M., Dontje, M. L., Skelton, D. A., Macdonald, L. and Der, G. (2017) The influence of neighbourhoods and the social environment on sedentary behaviour in older adults in three prospective cohorts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(6), 557. (doi:10.3390/ijerph14060557) (PMID:28538672) (PMCID:PMC5486243)

Shaw, R. J. , Čukić, I., Deary, I. J., Gale, C. R., Chastin, S. F.M., Dall, P. M., Dontje, M. L., Skelton, D. A., Macdonald, L. and Der, G. (2017) The influence of neighbourhoods and the social environment on sedentary behaviour in older adults in three prospective cohorts. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(6), 557. (doi:10.3390/ijerph14060557) (PMID:28538672) (PMCID:PMC5486243)

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Abstract

Sedentary behaviour is an emerging risk factor for poor health. This study aimed to identify ecological determinants of sedentary behaviour, for which evidence is currently scarce. The analysed participants were community dwelling adults aged around 79, 83, and 64 years from, respectively, the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (n=271) and the 1930s (n=119) and 1950s (n=310) cohorts of the West of Scotland Twenty-07 study. The outcome measure, percentage of waking time spent sedentary (sedentary time), was measured using an activPAL activity monitor worn continuously for seven days. Potential determinants included objective and subjective neighbourhood measures such as natural space, crime, social cohesion and fear of crime. Other determinants included measures of social participation such as social support, social group membership and providing care. Results from multivariable regression analyses indicated that providing care was associated with reduced sedentary time in retired participants in all cohorts. Fear of crime and perceived absence of services were associated with increased sedentary time for retired 1950s cohort members. Higher crime rates were associated with increased sedentary time in all cohorts but this was not significant after adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics. Most other neighbourhood and social participation measures showed no association with sedentary time.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacDonald, Mrs Laura and Der, Mr Geoffrey and Shaw, Dr Richard
Authors: Shaw, R. J., Čukić, I., Deary, I. J., Gale, C. R., Chastin, S. F.M., Dall, P. M., Dontje, M. L., Skelton, D. A., Macdonald, L., and Der, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
Journal Name:International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Publisher:MDPI
ISSN:1660-4601
ISSN (Online):1660-4601
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 14(6):557
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
620531Seniors - understanding sedentary behaviourGeoffrey DerMedical Research Council (MRC)MR/K025023/1IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU