Modelling the evolution of cerebral aneurysms: biomechanics, mechanobiology and multiscale modelling

Selimovic, A., Ventikos, Y. and Watton, P. N. (2014) Modelling the evolution of cerebral aneurysms: biomechanics, mechanobiology and multiscale modelling. Procedia IUTAM, 10, pp. 396-409. (doi: 10.1016/j.piutam.2014.01.034)

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Intracranial aneurysms (IAs) are abnormal dilatations of the cerebral vasculature. Computational modelling may shed light on the aetiology of the disease and lead to improved criteria to assist diagnostic decisions. We briefly review models of aneurysm evolution to date and present a novel fluid-solid-growth (FSG) framework for patient-specific modelling of IA evolution. We illustrate its application to 4 clinical cases depicting an IA. The section of arterial geometry containing the IA is removed and replaced with a cylindrical section: this represents an idealised section of healthy artery upon which IA evolution is simulated. The utilisation of patient-specific geometries enables G&R to be explicitly linked to physiologically realistic spatial distributions and magnitudes of haemodynamic stimuli. In this study, we investigate the hypothesis that elastin degradation is driven by locally low wall shear stress (WSS). In 3 out of 4 cases, the evolved model IA geometry is qualitatively similar to the corresponding in vivo IA geometry. This suggests some tentative support for the hypothesis that low WSS plays a role in the mechanobiology of IA evolution.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Watton, Dr Paul
Authors: Selimovic, A., Ventikos, Y., and Watton, P. N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Mathematics and Statistics > Mathematics
Journal Name:Procedia IUTAM
ISSN (Online):2210-9838
Published Online:28 February 2014
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in Procedia IUTAM 10:396-409
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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