A New Actuator Surface Model with Improved Wake Model for CFD Simulations of Rotorcraft

Linton, D., Barakos, G. , Widjaja, R. and Thornbern, B. (2017) A New Actuator Surface Model with Improved Wake Model for CFD Simulations of Rotorcraft. In: 73rd Annual Forum and Technology Display of the American Helicopter Society, Fort Worth, TX, USA, 09-11 May 2017,

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Abstract

Simulations of rotorcraft operating in unsteady flow-fields, manoeuvring flight, or with complex rotor configurations pose a significant challenge to current simulation methods. Simplified rotor models lack the generality required for the diverse range of operating conditions that a rotor may be exposed to, while higher-fidelity Navier-Stokes CFD simulations with fully-resolved rotors are expensive in terms of computational resources, simulation time, and pre-processing time. Here we present a new rotor and wake model which is fully-coupled to a CFD solver and is based on the actuator surface model. This model is designed to reduce the cost of complex rotorcraft simulations in comparison with fully-resolved simulations and provide greater generality than other rotor models. Results from simulations using the new actuator surface and wake model provide validation of the concept for hover and forward flight. The spanwise loading distribution, thrust coefficient, and wake geometry are shown to be reasonable in comparison with data from experiments, fully-resolved simulations, and prescribed wake models.

Item Type:Conference Proceedings
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Barakos, Professor George
Authors: Linton, D., Barakos, G., Widjaja, R., and Thornbern, B.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2017 The Authors
First Published:First published in 73rd AHS International Annual Forum
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy
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