Regulation of adenylyl cyclase activity by β-adrenergic agonists in a desensitization-resistant mutant cell line

Olson, M. F. , Tsao, J., Pon, D. J. and Schimmer, B. P. (1991) Regulation of adenylyl cyclase activity by β-adrenergic agonists in a desensitization-resistant mutant cell line. Molecular Endocrinology, 5(1), pp. 34-41. (doi: 10.1210/mend-5-1-34) (PMID:1850109)

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Abstract

Mutant clones resistant to ACTH-induced desensitization of adenylyl cyclase (Y1DR) were previously isolated from the Y1 mouse adrenocortical tumor cell line. In this study, both parental Y1 cells (Y1DS) and a Y1DR mutant were transfected with a gene encoding the mouse β2-adrenergic receptor, and transfectants isolated from both Y1DS and Y1DR cells were shown to express β2-adrenergic receptors. These transfectants responded to the β-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol with increases in adenylyl cyclase activity and steroidogenesis and changes in cell shape. The transfectants were analyzed to determine whether the Y1DR mutation was specific for ACTH-induced desensitization of adenylyl cyclase or also affected desensitization of adenylyl cyclase via the β2-adrenergic receptor. Treatment of intact Y1DS transfectants with isoproterenol caused a rapid desensitization of the adenylyl cyclase system to further stimulation by the β-adrenergic agonist. Treatment of intact cells with isoproterenol did not affect ACTH-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity, indicating that desensitization was agonist specific or homologous. Y1DR transfectants were resistant to the desensitizing effects of isoproterenol in intact cells as well as in cell homogenates. These results indicate that the mutation in Y1DR transfectants affects a component that is common to the pathways of isoproterenol-induced desensitization and ACTH-induced desensitization of adenylyl cyclase. As determined using the hydrophilic β-receptor antagonist CGP-12177, isoproterenol caused a rapid sequestration of cell surface receptors in both Y1DS and Y1DR transfectants. From these results we infer that the DR phenotype does not arise from mutations affecting receptor sequestration and that receptor number does not limit the response to isoproterenol in these transfectants.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Olson, Professor Michael
Authors: Olson, M. F., Tsao, J., Pon, D. J., and Schimmer, B. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Molecular Endocrinology
Publisher:Endocrine Society
ISSN:0888-8809
ISSN (Online):1944-9917

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