Molecular basis for the 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate resistance of Kin mutant Y1 adrenocortical tumor cells

Olson, M.F. , Krolczyk, A.J., Gorman, K.B., Steinberg, R.A. and Schimmer, B.P. (1993) Molecular basis for the 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate resistance of Kin mutant Y1 adrenocortical tumor cells. Molecular Endocrinology, 7(4), pp. 477-487. (doi:10.1210/me.7.4.477) (PMID:8388994)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

A series of mutant cell lines (Kin) were previously isolated from Y1 adrenocortical tumor cells based on their ability to resist the growth-inhibitory effects of 8-bromo cAMP. In these Kin clones, cAMP-dependent protein kinase (cAMPdPK) was resistant to activation by cAMP as the consequence of mutations affecting the type I regulatory subunit (RI) of the enzyme. This study shows that the cAMP-resistant phenotypes of mutant clones Kin-2, Kin-7, and Kin-8 were associated with single base changes causing substitutions, respectively, of Glu for Gly200, Trp for Arg334, and Asp for Gly324 in the RI protein. By expressing the mutant Trp334 and Asp324 forms of RI under the control of an inducible promoter in Y1 cells, the causal relationship between these RI mutations and impairment of cAMP-stimulated adrenocortical responses was studied. Expression of the mutant RI forms rendered cAMPdPK resistant to activation by cAMP and decreased cAMP-stimulated cell rounding, steroid production, and growth inhibition. These observations indicate that the cAMP-resistant phenotype of Kin mutant clones resulted specifically from single mutational events in RI and thus establish the importance of cAMPdPK as an essential regulator of adrenocortical function. Unlike the original Kin mutant clones, transformants expressing the mutant forms of RI had adenylyl cyclases that were resistant to activation by ACTH, forskolin, or sodium fluoride. These results indicate that there may be a hitherto unappreciated mechanism of regulation of adenylyl cyclase activity by cAMPdPK.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Olson, Professor Michael
Authors: Olson, M.F., Krolczyk, A.J., Gorman, K.B., Steinberg, R.A., and Schimmer, B.P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Molecular Endocrinology
Publisher:Endocrine Society
ISSN:0888-8809
ISSN (Online):1944-9917

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record