Evidence that protein kinase Cα has reduced affinity towards 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol: the effects of lipid activators on phorbol ester binding and kinase activity

MacEwan, D. J., Mitchell, R., Johnson, M. S., Thomson, F. J. , Lutz, E. M., Clegg, R. A. and Connor, K. (1993) Evidence that protein kinase Cα has reduced affinity towards 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol: the effects of lipid activators on phorbol ester binding and kinase activity. European Journal of Pharmacology: Molecular Pharmacology, 246(1), pp. 9-18. (doi:10.1016/0922-4106(93)90003-R)

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Abstract

The effect of 1,2-diacylglycerols on specific binding of [3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate to cytosolic protein kinase C (PKC) was investigated in tissues reported to contain different proportions of PKC isoforms. In lung, frontal cerebral cortex and cerebellum cytosols (enriched in PKC α, β and γ, respectively) displacement of specific binding by phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate or diacylglycerols containing unsaturated acyl chains was of similar potency for each tissue. A range of 1,2-diacylglycerols containing saturated acyl chains exhibited varying affinities for [3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate binding sites in each tissue; defining an optimal acyl chain length of around 14 carbons in each case. However, the affinities of saturated diglycerides were consistently lower in lung cytosol than in frontal cerebral cortex and cerebellum cytosols, with the greatest differences occurring at lower acyl chain lengths, especially with 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol. Furthermore, a mixed micelle assay of PKC activity showed that 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol displayed reduced potency at PKCα partially-purified from COS 7 cell cytosol compared to the mixture of PKC isoforms present in rat midbrain cytosol. Both low potency of 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol as a displacer of [3H]phorbol 12,13 dibutyrate binding and the ability of arachidonic acid to act as an allosteric enhancer of binding, correlated with the proportional PKCα content of a range of tissues reported in the literature. In PKC enzyme activity assays, 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol, but not phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate, was correspondingly a much poorer activator of PKCα from COS 7 cells than of the broad consensus of isoforms in rat midbrain. When α and β isoforms were extensively-purified on DEAE-cellulose then hydroxyapatite, both the low affinity of 1,2-dioctanoyl-sn-glycerol for [3H]phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate binding sites and their allosteric regulation by arachidonic acid were confirmed to be characteristic of the α rather than the β isoforms.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thomson, Dr Fiona
Authors: MacEwan, D. J., Mitchell, R., Johnson, M. S., Thomson, F. J., Lutz, E. M., Clegg, R. A., and Connor, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:European Journal of Pharmacology: Molecular Pharmacology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0922-4106

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