Oestradiol-17 modulates the actions of pharmacologically distinct forms of protein kinase C in rat anterior pituitary cells

Thomson, F.J. , Johnson, M.S., MacEwan, D.J. and Mitchell, R. (1993) Oestradiol-17 modulates the actions of pharmacologically distinct forms of protein kinase C in rat anterior pituitary cells. Journal of Endocrinology, 136(1), pp. 105-117. (doi:10.1677/joe.0.1360105) (PMID:8429266)

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Abstract

Phorbol ester-induced release of LH and GH from rat anterior pituitary tissue in vitro is differentially inhibited by some, but not other, inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC), suggesting that pharmacologically distinct species of PKC may have different functional roles in these cells. Since stimulus-induced anterior pituitary hormone release can be enhanced by oestradiol-17β (OE2) pretreatment, we investigated the effect of OE2 treatment of long-term (4 weeks) ovariectomized rats on the amount, activity and cellular actions of pharmacologically distinct PKC species in rat anterior pituitary tissue. Here we report that OE2 treatment enhanced phorbol 12,13-dibutyrate (PDBu)-induced LH but not GH release measured in vitro. This effect of OE2 on LH release may involve synthesis of additional PKCs that are not targeted by the synthetic diacylglycerol, 1,2-dioctanoyl-snglycerol (DOG). Measurements of anterior pituitary PKC activity and [3H] phorbol ester-binding studies suggested that the facilitatory action of OE2 on LH release may occur, at least in part, by altering the quantity and activity of PKC(s). Our results also demonstrate that the OE2-induced PKC(s) which facilitate LH release may be of the type that are not dependent upon raised intracellular Ca2+ for their activation and display distinct pharmacological properties (being readily activated by PDBu, but not by DOG, and are staurosporine-sensitive but H7-insensitive). This facilitatory action of OE2 on PKC-induced LH release does not appear to involve OE2-induced changes in the affinity of existing PKC(s) for PDBu, or changes in the amount of releasable LH in the pituitary prior to the stimulus.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Thomson, Dr Fiona
Authors: Thomson, F.J., Johnson, M.S., MacEwan, D.J., and Mitchell, R.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Journal of Endocrinology
Publisher:BioScientifica
ISSN:0022-0795
ISSN (Online):1479-6805

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